Testing infrastructure#

Our testing infrastructure uses pytest

Run the tests with a single environment#

You can run the test suite with the default environment like so:

$ tox

You can specify a specific environment like so:

# Run the tests with Python 3.9, Sphinx 4
$ tox -e py39-sphinx4

List all test environments#

To list all of the test environments to may choose from, run:

$ tox -a

Each one corresponds to a test environment or a task to build the documentation, and has its own virtual environment.

See the tox.ini file in the repository’s root for details of all available development environments.

Supply arguments to pytest#

To supply arguments to pytest, use -- and pass arguments after. For example:

$ tox -- -x

Re-build an environment from scratch#

By default, tox will only install the necessary environment once. If you’d like to force a re-build, use the -r parameter. For example:

$ tox -r -e py38-sphinx3

Test audits with lighthouse#

This theme uses the treosh/lighthouse-ci-action to run some basic audits on our performance, accessibility, etc.

To preview the output of these tests:

  • Click on the docs-audit GitHub Action job from a Pull Request.

  • Scroll to the “Audit with Lighthouse” section

  • If there are errors, you should see them along with the link to preview the report at report: <URL TO PAGE>.

  • If there are not errors, you can list them by clicking the uploading section, which will reveal links to the report for each page

Test multiple Sphinx versions#

This theme is tested against the latest two major versions of Sphinx. We try to set up our regression tests such that there are no differences between these two Sphinx versions.

Unit tests#

Use the variable sphinx_build.software_versions to conditionally run tests based on the version of Sphinx.

For example:

if sphinx_build.software_versions == ".sphinx3":
elif sphinx_build.software_versions == ".sphinx4":

Regression tests#

Regression tests are trickier, because updating them generally requires re-running the tests, not hand-editing code. This is cumbersome for maintenance because we have to run the test suite two times for each regression that is updated. For this reason, we have a more lightweight approach:

If a regression test differs between Sphinx versions, decide if the difference is substantial. Do we gain something meaningful by testing both major versions of Sphinx, or is the difference unrelated to our theme’s functionality?

  1. If not substantial, then add a conditional and only run the regression test on the latest Sphinx version we support. Add a note to explain why you’re only testing against one version of Sphinx.

    For example:

    if sphinx_build.software_versions == ".sphinx4":
        # Only Sphinx4 because Sphinx3 adds an extra whitespace and isn't important
  2. If it is substantial, follow these steps:

    To support multiple Sphinx versions with regression tests, use the extension key to create a different regression file for that version of Sphinx. For example: